Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

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中国有色金属学报(英文版)

Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China

Vol. 28    No. 8    August 2018

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Cellular/dendritic transition, dendritic growth and microhardness in directionally solidified monophasic Sn-2%Sb alloy
O. L. ROCHA1,2, T. A. COSTA1, M. DIAS3, A. GARCIA3

1. Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology of Pará - IFPA, 66093-020, Belém-Pará, Brazil;
2. Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Federal University of Pará - UFPA, 66075-110, Belém-Pará, Brazil;
3. Department of Manufacturing and Materials Engineering, University of Campinas-UNICAMP, 13083-860, Campinas-S?o Paulo, Brazil

Abstract:Horizontal directional solidification experiments were carried out with a monophasic Sn-2%Sb (mass fraction) alloy to analyze the influence of solidification thermal parameters on the morphology and length scale of the microstructure. Continuous temperature measurements were made during solidification at different positions along the length of the casting and these temperature data were used to determine solidification thermal parameters, including the growth rate (VL) and the cooling rate (TR). High cooling rate cells and dendrites are shown to characterize the microstructure in different regions of the casting, with a reverse dendrite-to-cell transition occurring for TR>5.0 K/s. Cellular (lc) and primary dendrite arm spacings (l1) are determined along the length of the directionally-solidified casting. Experimental growth laws relating lc and l1 to VL and TR are proposed, and a comparative analysis with results from a vertical upward directional solidification experiment is carried out. The influence of morphology and length scale of the microstructure on microhardness is also analyzed.

 

Key words: Sn-Sb monophasic alloy; directional solidification; thermal parameters; microstructure; reverse cellular/dendritic transition

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG
CODEN: ZYJXFK

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG
CODEN: TNMCEW

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