Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

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中国有色金属学报

ZHONGGUO YOUSEJINSHU XUEBAO

第27卷    第12期    总第225期    2017年12月

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文章编号:1004-0609(2017)-12-2467-06
不同淬火介质下7055铝合金厚板淬火内应力测试
李亚楠1,张永安1,李锡武1,李志辉1,王国军2,闫宏伟1,金龙兵1,熊柏青1

(1. 北京有色金属研究总院 有色金属材料制备加工国家重点实验室,北京 100088; 2. 东北轻合金有限责任公司,哈尔滨 150060)

摘 要: 7xxx系铝合金在淬火后会产生较大的残余应力,且淬火介质对淬火残余应力的水平与分布影响显著。通过裂纹柔度法研究不同淬火介质种类、温度和浓度对淬火残余应力的影响规律。结果表明:淬火残余应力符合典型的“外压内拉”分布,淬火残余应力水平随水温升高先缓慢降低后急速降低,随PAG浓度升高先迅速降低后缓慢降低。各淬火介质下应力水平由高到低的顺序依次为5%NaCl+5%KNO3溶液(质量分数)、20 ℃水、5%PAG溶液(体积分数)。在80 ℃水和15%PAG溶液(体积分数)淬火后,残余应力水平降低比例最大均达到60%以上,抑制残余应力效果明显。

 

关键词: 7055铝合金;淬火残余应力;裂纹柔度法;淬火介质

Quenching residual stress of 7055 aluminum alloy thick plate with various quenching mediums
LI Ya-nan1, ZHANG Yong-an1, LI Xi-wu1, LI Zhi-hui1, WANG Guo-jun2, YAN Hong-wei1, JIN Long-bin1, XIONG Bai-qing1

1. State Key Laboratory of Nonferrous Metals and Processes, General Research Institute for Nonferrous Metals, Beijing 100088, China; 2. Northeast Light Alloy Co., Ltd., Harbin 150060, China

Abstract:Large residual stress produces after quenching in 7xxx series aluminum alloy and quenching medium influences the quenching residual stress obviously. In this work, the effects of quenching medium type, temperature, concentration on quenching residual stress were studied by using the crack compliance method. The results show that the quenching residual stress with typical distribution decreases slowly at first and then decreases rapidly with water temperature rising, while decreases rapidly at first and then decreases slowly with the increasing of PAG concentration. The stress level of each quenching medium from high to low is as follows: 5%NaCl+5%KNO3 solution (mass fraction), 20 ℃ water, 5%PAG solution (volume fraction). After quenching at 80 ℃ water or 15%PAG solution (volume fraction), the reduction ratio of residual stress level is above 60%, thus the reduction of quenching residual stress is obvious.

 

Key words: 7055 aluminum alloy; quenching residual stress; crack compliance method; quenching medium

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG
CODEN: ZYJXFK

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG
CODEN: TNMCEW

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