Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

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中国有色金属学报

ZHONGGUO YOUSEJINSHU XUEBAO

第27卷    第12期    总第225期    2017年12月

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文章编号:1004-0609(2017)-12-2426-08
连续柱状晶组织纯铜室温超延展变形机理
吴 恒,张 鸿,吕佳峰,林 超,刘建纲,陈彦旭

(北京科技大学 材料科学与工程学院,北京 100083)

摘 要: 通过下引式连续定向凝固设备,调控合理的工艺参数制备出表面光洁、单一á100?取向的柱状晶铜杆。然后经室温拉拔(不经过中间热处理),表现出超延展变形。通过组织观察和性能分析,发现其塑性变形可以分为3个阶段:一般硬化阶段(ε≤4.13),低硬化速率阶段(4.13≤ε≤10.16),部分亚微米等轴晶粒形成阶段(ε≥10.16)。每个阶段的塑性变形行为各有不同,各有其特点。研究结果全面地概括连续柱状晶组织铜杆在室温拉拔过程中的变形机理,同时也为超细铜丝的制备提供必要的理论依据。

 

关键词: 铜杆;连续柱状晶组织;超延展变形;低硬化速率;亚微米等轴晶

Extreme plastic extensibility mechanism of continuous columnar-grained copper at ambient temperature
WU Heng, ZHANG Hong, Lü Jia-feng, LIN Chao, LIU Jian-gang, CHEN Yan-xu

School of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China

Abstract:The smooth surface and single á100? oriented columnar-grained copper rods were prepared by downward continuous unidirectional solidification equipments with reasonable process parameters, then, the copper rods were drawn at ambient temperature (without intermediate heat treatment), which exhibits the extreme plastic extensibility. The results show that the plastic deformation of the copper rod can be divided into three different stages by observation of its microstructure and properties, general hardening stage (ε≤4.13), low hardening rate stage (4.13≤ε≤10.16). Some submicron equiaxed grain forming stage (ε≥10.16). Each stage of the plastic deformation behavior is different and has its own characteristics. Not only the drawing mechanism of continuous columnar-grained copper rods at ambient temperature was comprehensively summarized, but also the necessary theoretical basis for the preparation of ultrafine copper wire was provided.

 

Key words: copper rod; continuous columnar grains; extreme plastic extensibility; low hardening rate; submicron equiaxed grain

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG
CODEN: ZYJXFK

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG
CODEN: TNMCEW

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