Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

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中国有色金属学报

ZHONGGUO YOUSEJINSHU XUEBAO

第27卷    第9期    总第222期    2017年9月

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文章编号:1004-0609(2017)-09-1832-06
深冷处理对连续Cf/ZL301复合材料拉伸强度与残余应力的影响
聂明明,徐志锋,余 欢,蔡长春,王振军

(南昌航空大学 轻合金加工科学与技术国防重点学科实验室,南昌 330063)

摘 要: 选用M40石墨纤维(6K)和ZL301铝合金作为增强体和基体,采用真空气压浸渗法制备了纤维体积分数40%的单向连续Cf/ZL301复合材料,研究冷处理及退火处理对连续Cf/ZL301复合材料的拉伸强度和残余应力的影响。结果表明:液氮深冷处理12、24和48 h后可以提高连续Cf/ZL301复合材料的拉伸强度,其中经液氮深冷处理12 h的复合材料强度提高幅度最大,较铸态提高13.5%;干冰冷处理对连续Cf/ZL301的拉伸强度影响不大;而退火处理使连续Cf/ZL301复合材料的强度下降18.6%。影响复合材料拉伸强度的原因应是不同的处理工艺产生的由体积收缩导致的孔隙闭合效应程度不一以及在不同程度上改变复合材料的残余应力。

 

关键词: 连续Cf/ZL301复合材料;真空气压浸渗;深冷处理;残余应力;拉伸强度

Effect of cryogenic treatment on tensile strength and residual stress of continuous Cf/ZL301 composite
NIE Ming-ming, XU Zhi-feng, YU Huan, CAI Chang-chun, WANG Zhen-jun

National Defence Key Discipline Laboratory of Light Alloy Processing Science and Technology, Nanchang Hangkong University, Nanchang 330063, China

Abstract:The vacuum gas pressure infiltration was performed for the continuous Cf/ZL301 composite with the volume fraction of 40%, of which the reinforced material was M40 graphite fiber and the matrix alloy was ZL301 alloy, both the effects of cryogenic treatment and annealing treatment on the tensile strength and residual stress of continuous Cf/ZL301 composites were studied. The results show that the tensile strength of Cf/ZL301 composites can be improved after cryogenic treatment for 12 h, 24 h or 48 h in liquid nitrogen. The tensile strength of Cf/ZL301 composites has the largest improved after cryogenic treatment for 12 h in liquid nitrogen, compared with the as cast composite increased of 13.5%. Dry ice treatment has little effect on the tensile strength of Cf/ZL301. The tensile strength of Cf/ZL301 composites decreases of 18.6% by annealing treatment. The reason for effecting on the tensile strength of Cf/ZL301 composites should be that the pore closure is different caused by volume shrinkage and the residual stress of composite has changed in different extent because of the different treatment process.

 

Key words: continuous Cf/ZL301 composite; vacuum pressure impregnation; cryogenic treatment; residual stress; tensile strength

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG
CODEN: ZYJXFK

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG
CODEN: TNMCEW

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