Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

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中国有色金属学报(英文版)

Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China

Vol. 27    No. 8    August 2017

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Corrosion behavior of hafnium in anhydrous isopropanol and acetonitrile solutions containing bromide ions
Chang-hong WANG, Sheng-hai YANG, Yi YUAN, Yong-ming CHEN, Biao WANG, Jing HE, Chao-bo TANG

School of Metallurgy and Environment, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China

Abstract:The corrosion behaviors of hafnium in Et4NBr isopropanol and acetonitrile(ACN) solutions were investigated using electrochemical measurements, ICP-AES and SEM techniques. Results revealed that the open circuit potential gets more positive due to the increased passivity of the surface oxide film with increasing immersion time until it reaches a steady state value. The potentiodynamic anodic polarization curves did not exhibit an active dissolution region near corrosion potential due to the presence of an oxide film on the electrode surface, which was followed by pitting corrosion. SEM images confirmed the existence of pits on the electrode surface. Cyclic voltammetry and galvanostatic measurements allowed the pitting potential (φpit) and the repassivation potential (φp) to be determined. φpit increased with increasing potential scanning rate but decreased with increasing temperature, Br- concentration and ACN concentration. The impedance spectra showed that the resistances of the solution and charge transfer decreased with the increase of ACN concentration.

 

Key words: corrosion behavior; hafnium; acetonitrile; Et4NBr; electrochemical method; pitting corrosion; passive film

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG
CODEN: ZYJXFK

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG
CODEN: TNMCEW

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