Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

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Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China

Vol. 26    No. 3    March 2016

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Influence of material models on theoretical forming limit diagram prediction for Ti-6Al-4V alloy under warm condition
Nitin KOTKUNDE1, Sashank SRINIVASAN1, Geetha KRISHNA1, Amit Kumar GUPTA1, Swadesh Kumar SINGH2

1. Department of Mechanical Engineering, Birla Institute of Technology and Science-Pilani,
Hyderabad Campus, Hyderabad 500078, Telangana, India;
2. Department of Mechanical Engineering, Gokaraju Rangaraju Institute of Engineering and Technology,
Hyderabad 500072, Telangana, India

Abstract:Forming limit diagram (FLD) is an important performance index to describe the maximum limit of principal strains that can be sustained by sheet metals till to the onset of localized necking. It offers a convenient and useful tool to predict the forming limit in the sheet metal forming processes. In the present study, FLD has been determined experimentally for Ti-6Al-4V alloy at 400 °C by conducting a Nakazima test with specimens of different widths. Additionally, for theoretical FLD prediction, various anisotropic yield criteria (Barlat 1989, Barlat 1996, Hill 1993) and different hardening models viz., Hollomon power law (HPL), Johnson-Cook (JC), modified Zerilli–Armstrong (m-ZA), modified Arrhenius (m-Arr) models have been developed. Theoretical FLDs have been determined using Marciniak and Kuczynski (M-K) theory incorporating the developed yield criteria and constitutive models. It has been observed that the effect of yield model is more pronounced than the effect of constitutive model for theoretical FLDs prediction. However, the value of thickness imperfection factor (f0) is solely dependent on hardening model. Hill (1993) yield criterion is best suited for FLD prediction in the right hand side region. Moreover, Barlat (1989) yield criterion is best suited for FLD prediction in left hand side region. Therefore, the proposed hybrid FLD in combination with Barlat (1989) and Hill (1993) yield models with m-Arr hardening model is in the best agreement with experimental FLD.


Key words: Ti-6Al-4V alloy; yield criteria; hardening model; Marciniak and Kuczynski theory; forming limit diagram

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG

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