Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

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中国有色金属学报(英文版)

Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China

Vol. 25    No. 3    March 2015

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Preparation of potassium chromate by roasting of carbon ferrochrome
Guo-rong HU, Jia-liang WANG, Zhong-dong PENG, Ke DU, Wei-gang WANG, Qing-lai JIANG

School of Metallurgy and Environment, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China

Abstract:The oxidizing roasting process of carbon ferrochrome to prepare potassium chromate in the presence of potassium carbonate and air was investigated. The effects of reaction temperature, reaction time, mole ratio of potassium carbonate to carbon ferrochrome were studied, and thermodynamics and kinetics were also discussed. It was observed that the reaction temperature and reaction time had a significant influence on the roasting reaction of carbon ferrochrome. The reaction mechanism changed greatly as the temperature varied. A two-stage roasting process was favorable for the roasting reaction, and a chromium recovery rate of 97.06% was obtained through this two-stage roasting method. The chromium residue yielded from this method was only 1/3 of the product. Moreover, the component of Fe in the residue was as high as 55.04%. Therefore, it can be easily recovered to produce sponge iron, realizing complete detoxication and zero-emission of chromium residue.

 

Key words: carbon ferrochrome; potassium chromate; two-stage roasting; chromium residue; zero-emission

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG
CODEN: ZYJXFK

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG
CODEN: TNMCEW

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