Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

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Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China

Vol. 24    No. 8    August 2014

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Grain refinement of Al-5%Cu aluminum alloy under mechanical vibration using meltable vibrating probe
Hong-min GUO1,2, Ai-sheng ZHANG1, Xiang-jie YANG2, Ming-ming YAN1

1. School of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanchang University, Nanchang 330031, China;
2. Key Laboratory of High Performance Precision Forming in Jiangxi Province, Nanchang University,
Nanchang 330031, China

Abstract:A mechanical vibration technique to refine solidified microstructure was reported. Vibration energy was directly introduced into a molten alloy by a vibrating horn, and the vibrating horn was melted during vibration. Effects of vibration acceleration and mass ratio on the microstructure of Al-5% Cu alloy were investigated. Results show that the present mechanical vibration could provide localized cooling by extracting heat from the interior of molten alloy, and the cooling rate is strongly dependent on vibration acceleration. It is difficult to refine the solidified microstructure when the treated alloy keeps full liquid state within the entire vibrating duration. Significantly refined microstructure was obtained by applying mechanical vibration during the initial stage of solidification. Moreover, mechanisms of grain refinement were discussed.


Key words: Al-Cu alloy; grain refinement; solidification; mechanical vibration

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG

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