Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

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Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China

Vol. 24    No. 1    January 2014

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Effects of Fe-Al intermetallic compounds on interfacial bonding of clad materials
Qian WANG, Xue-song LENG, Tian-hao YANG, Jiu-chun YAN

State Key Laboratory of Advanced Welding and Joining, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001, China

Abstract:The growth of intermetallic compounds at the interface between solid Al and Fe and the effects of intermetallic compound layers on the interfacial bonding of clad materials were investigated. The results showed that the interface between the solid Fe and Al formed by heat-treatment consisted of Fe2Al5 and FeAl3 intermetallic compound layers, which deteriorated the interfacial bonding strength. Fractures occurred in the intermetallic compound layer during the shear testing. The location of the fracture depended on the defects of microcracks or voids in the intermetallic compound layers. The microcracks in the intermetallic compound layer were caused by the mismatch of thermal expansion coefficients of materials during cooling, and the voids were consistent with the Kirkendall effect. The work will lay an important foundation for welding and joining of aluminum and steel, especially for fabrication of Al-Fe clad materials.


Key words: Al-Fe clad materials; interfacial bonding; Fe-Al intermetallic compounds; interface structure; mechanical properties

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG

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