Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

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中国有色金属学报(英文版)

Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China

Vol. 24    No. 1    January 2014

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Vapor-grown carbon fibers enhanced sulfur-multi walled carbon nanotubes composite cathode for lithium/sulfur batteries
Zhao-feng DENG1, Zhi-an ZHANG1,2, Hai LU2, Yan-qing LAI1,2, Jin LIU1, Jie LI1,2, Ye-xiang LIU1

1. School of Metallurgy and Environment, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China;
2. Engineering Research Center of High Performance Battery Materials and Devices,
Research Institute of Central South University in Shenzhen, Shenzhen 518057, China

Abstract:Vapor-grown carbon fibers (VGCFs) were introduced as conductive additives for sulfur-multiwalled carbon nanotubes (S-MWCNTs) composite cathode of lithium-sulfur batteries. The performance of S-MWCNTs composite cathodes with carbon black and VGCFs as sole conductive additives was investigated using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), galvanostatic charge-discharge tests and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The results show that the S-MWCNTs composite cathode with VGCFs displays a network-like morphology and exhibits higher activity and better cycle durability compared with the composite cathode with carbon black, delivering an initial discharge capacity of 1254 mA·h/g and a capacity of 716 mA·h/g after 40 cycles at 335 mA/g. The interconnected VGCFs can provide a stable conductive network, suppress the aggregation of cathode materials and residual lithium sulfide and maintain the porosity of cathode, and therefore the electrochemical performance of S-MWCNTs composite cathode is enhanced.

 

Key words: lithium-sulfur batteries; carbon fiber; composite cathode; multiwalled carbon nanotube

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG
CODEN: ZYJXFK

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG
CODEN: TNMCEW

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