Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

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中国有色金属学报

ZHONGGUO YOUSEJINSHU XUEBAO

第20卷    第7期    总第136期    2010年7月

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文章编号:1004-0609(2010)07-1396-06
烧结方式对ZnO-Bi2O3压敏瓷Bi2O3挥发的影响
徐  东1, 2,程晓农1,赵国平1,严学华1,施利毅2

(1. 江苏大学 材料科学与工程学院, 镇江 212013; 2. 上海大学 纳米科学与技术研究中心, 上海 200444)

摘 要: 采用裸烧、盖烧和埋烧等不同的烧结方式制备ZnO-Bi2O3压敏瓷,通过XRD和SEM等方法对压敏瓷的物相和显微组织进行研究,探讨烧结方式对氧化锌压敏瓷电性能和显微组织的影响。结果表明:烧结方式和烧结温度对压敏瓷的显微组织和电性能产生明显的影响。对于裸烧、盖烧和埋烧来说,1 100 ℃均为最佳的烧结温度;    1 000 ℃时埋烧得到的压敏瓷的电性能较好,1 100 ℃和1 200 ℃时裸烧得到的压敏瓷的电性能较好;烧结方式对于Bi2O3挥发控制的强弱顺序为埋烧、盖烧、裸烧。

 

关键词: ZnO-Bi2O3压敏瓷;氧化锌;烧结;挥发

Influence of sintering process on Bi2O3 vaporization of
ZnO-Bi2O3 based varistor ceramics
XU Dong1, 2, CHENG Xiao-nong1, ZHAO Guo-ping1, YAN Xue-hua1, SHI Li-yi2

1. School of Materials Science and Engineering, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013, China;
2. Research Center of Nano Science and Technology, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444, China

Abstract:ZnO-Bi2O3 based varistor ceramics were sintered by using different sintering processes, open sintering, sintering inside a closed crucible and sintering within a powdered bed. The phases and microstructures of the varisotr ceramics were investigated by XRD and SEM. The effects of sintering process on electrical properties and microstructures of ZnO-Bi2O3 based varistor ceramics were discussed. The results show that the sintering process and sintering temperature have obvious effect on the microstructure and electrical properties of the samples. Optimal values for the electrical characteristics of the varistor ceramics by three kinds of sintering processes are obtained when the sintering is conducted at 1 100 ℃. At 1 000 ℃, the samples sintered within a powdered bed show better electrical properties than those subjected to the other two processes, while at 1 100 ℃ or 1 200 ℃, the open sintering samples exhibit better electrical properties. These results also show that Bi2O3 vaporization in three sintering processes is in the order from strong to weak as follows: sintering within a powdered bed, sintering inside a closed crucible, open sintering.

 

Key words: ZnO-Bi2O3 based varistor ceramics; zinc oxide; sintering; volatilization

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG
CODEN: ZYJXFK

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG
CODEN: TNMCEW

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