Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

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中国有色金属学报

ZHONGGUO YOUSEJINSHU XUEBAO

第13卷    第3期    总第54期    2003年6月

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文章编号:1004-0609(2003)03-0662-05
多种氧化物原位反应制备的Al2O3/Al复合材料
王辉虎, 许伯藩, 吴新杰, 张细菊

(武汉科技大学 材料与冶金学院, 武汉 430081)

摘 要: 提出了多种氧化物与Al原位反应制备陶瓷颗粒增强铝基复合材料的新方法,并通过3种反应体系CuO/Al, (CuO+SiO2)/Al, (CuO+SiO2+TiO2)/Al制备了3种铝基复合材料。 对原位反应过程进行了热力学分析。 对复合材料的显微组织、硬度和力学性能进行了分析和研究。 结果表明, 多种氧化物与Al的原位反应能发生并自动进行下去,其反应状况良好。 (CuO+SiO2)/Al, (CuO+SiO2+TiO2)/Al原位反应所获得的增强相颗粒分别是Al2O3和Al2O3+Al3Ti,增强相颗粒在复合材料中均匀分布, 并且其所制得的复合材料的硬度与力学性能明显好于单一氧化物CuO所制得的复合材料。

 

关键词: 铝;复合材料; 原位反应; 硬度; 力学性能

In situ processed Al2O3/Al composites
with several oxides reaction systems
WANG Hui-hu, XU Bo-fan, WU Xin-jie, ZHANG Xi-ju

College of Materials and Metallurgy, 
Wuhan University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430081, China

Abstract:A new method to fabricate aluminium matrix composites by in situ reaction between several oxides and pure aluminium powder was proposed. Three kinds of aluminium matrix composites were obtained through three different in situ reaction systems CuO/Al, (CuO+SiO2)/Al and (CuO+SiO2+TiO2)/Al. The thermal analysis of in situ reaction was given. Microstructure, hardness and mechanical properties of composites were researched and discussed. The experiment shows the results of in situ reaction between several oxides and pure aluminium powder are very good. In situ particulates of (CuO+SiO2)/Al and (CuO+SiO2+TiO2)/Al systems are Al2O3 and Al2O3+Al3Ti respectively. The hardness and mechanical properties of composites fabricated with (CuO+SiO2)/Al and (CuO+SiO2+TiO2)/Al systems are much better than those of the composite fabricated with CuO/Al system.

 

Key words: aluminium; composites; in situ reaction; hardness; mechanical prop

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG
CODEN: ZYJXFK

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG
CODEN: TNMCEW

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