Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

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中国有色金属学报

ZHONGGUO YOUSEJINSHU XUEBAO

第11卷    第z2期    总第100期    2001年11月

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文章编号:1004-0609(2001)S2-0099-04
钇及铈镧混合稀土对AZ91镁合金铸态组织的影响
张诗昌, 魏伯康,  林汉同, 王立士

(华中科技大学  模具技术国家重点实验室,  武汉 430074)

摘 要:   金相显微镜及电子探针分析结果表明,含La,Ce的混合稀土和金属Y均有促进AZ91镁合金铸态组织晶粒细化的作用。在AZ91+(Ce, La)合金中形成的杆状化合物被证实是(Ce, La)Al4,而在AZ91+Y合金中发现了呈块状结构的YAl2化合物。420℃/20h固溶处理后,由于(Ce, La)Al4及YAl2具有良好的热稳定性,不溶入Mg基体,AZ91+RE(La,Ce,Y)合金的铸态组织为δ固溶体+(Ce, La)Al4(或YAl2)化合物+Mg17Al12三相组成。

 

关键词:   AZ91镁合金; 混合稀土; 钇; 电子探针;  铸态组织

Effect of yttrium and mischmetal on
as-cast structure of AZ91 alloy
ZHANG Shi-chang, WEI Bo-kang,  LIN Han-tong, WANG Li-shi

State Key Laboratory of Die and Mould Technology, Huazhong University of
Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, P.R.China

Abstract:The effect of yttrium and mischmetal composed of 50%Ce, 45%La (mass fraction) on the as-cast structure of AZ91 alloy were investigated by optical microscope and electron microprober analysis. The experimental results show that the structure of AZ91 alloy is refined  either by mischmetal or Y. The rod-like typed compound is verified as (Ce,La)Al4 in AZ91 alloy with additional mischmetal; but a polyhedral compound is found and identified as YAl2 by EDX analysis in AZ91 alloy with additional Y. Both (Ce,La)Al4 and YAl2 have thermally stable property and do not dissolve into Mg matrix when solution treatment is carried out for 20h at 420℃followed by air quenching. The as-cast structure of  AZ91+RE(La,Ce,Y)alloy consists of three phases including Mg matrix, (Ce, La)Al4(or YAl2) and Mg17Al12.

 

Key words: AZ91 magnesium alloy; mischmetal; yttrium; electron microprober; as-cast structure

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG
CODEN: ZYJXFK

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG
CODEN: TNMCEW

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