Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

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中国有色金属学报

ZHONGGUO YOUSEJINSHU XUEBAO

第16卷    第12期    总第93期    2006年12月

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文章编号:1004-0609(2006)12-2115-05
磷酸改性处理后氢氧化铝的热稳定性
周向阳1, 李昌林1, 霍登伟2, 李 劼1, 伍上元1

(1. 中南大学 冶金科学与工程学院, 长沙 410083;
2. 中国铝业 山东分公司, 淄博 255052
)

摘 要:  研究磷酸改善氢氧化铝粉体热稳定性的工艺及修饰处理对粉体形貌与物相的影响, 并探讨磷酸提高氢氧化铝热稳定性的机理。结果表明: 反应温度的提高、 反应时间的延长及磷酸浓度的加大均有利于氢氧化铝热稳定性的提高, 当磷酸浓度为10%、反应温度与时间分别取90 ℃与75 min时, 可使氢氧化铝中结晶水的初始失去温度由192 ℃提高到211 ℃; 磷酸提高氢氧化铝热稳定性的原因可能是磷酸与氢氧化铝反应所生成的耐热铝盐包覆在氢氧化铝颗粒的表面;所研究的修饰工艺没有改变粉体的三水铝石结构, 但磷酸处理会使粉体颗粒长大, 并且还会有大尺寸团聚粒子的出现。

 

关键词:  氢氧化铝; 磷酸; 改性; 热稳定性

Thermal stability of aluminum hydrate
modified by phosphoric acid
ZHOU Xiang-yang1, LI Chang-lin1, HUO Deng-wei2,
LI Jie1, WU Shang-yuan1

1. School of Metallurgical Science and Engineering,
Central South University, Changsha 410083, China;
2. Shandong Branch, China Aluminium Corporation, Zibo 255052, China

Abstract: The modification technology for improving thermal stability of aluminum hydrate powder with phosphoric acid and its effects on morphology and phase of modified powder were investigated, and the improvement mechanism on thermal stability of aluminum hydrate was discussed. The results show that raising reaction temperature, prolonging reaction time and increasing concentration of phosphoric acid are favorable to improve the thermal stability of aluminum hydrate. The initial loss temperature of crystal water i, n aluminum hydrate rises from 192 ℃ to 211 ℃ at the phosphoric acid concentration of 10%, reaction temperature of 90 ℃ and reaction time of 75 min. The improvement mechanism of phosphoric acid on thermal stability of aluminum hydrate may be attributed to their interreaction which produces heat resistant aluminum salt film on the aluminum hydrate particle. The modification technology doesn't change the trihydrate alumina structure of powder, however, it will make the particles grow up and coarse granule appear.

 

Key words: aluminum hydrate; phosphoric acid; modification; thermal stability

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG
CODEN: ZYJXFK

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG
CODEN: TNMCEW

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