Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

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中国有色金属学报

ZHONGGUO YOUSEJINSHU XUEBAO

第16卷    第4期    总第85期    2006年4月

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文章编号: 1004-0609(2006)04-0592-07
工业纯钛机械孪晶演化及其对
纯钛低温力学性能的影响
孙巧艳1, 朱蕊花1, 刘翠萍2, 于振涛3

( 1. 西安交通大学 金属材料强度国家重点实验室, 西安 710049;
2. 西安理工大学 材料科学与工程学院, 西安 710048;
3. 西北有色金属研究院 钛合金研究所, 西安 710016
)

摘 要:  对工业纯钛(TA2)在液氮介质中机械孪晶随应变量的变化规律以及孪晶对晶粒尺寸的依赖性进行了研究。结果表明: 在静拉伸过程中孪晶分数随应变量的增加而增加, 孪晶的形成主要在均匀塑性变形阶段, 尤其在塑性变形的初期, 颈缩后孪晶分数增加缓慢。 孪晶形貌的演化规律为:在变形的初始阶段生成孪晶的尺寸比较大, 在随后的塑性变形中又发生破碎, 最终形成一些孪晶密集的区域。 低温下纯钛的塑性变形方式为孪生和滑移共同作用。 粗晶粒(55 μm)和细晶粒(18 μm)的纯钛在室温和低温下的拉伸实验结果表明, 晶粒的粗化没有降低纯钛的塑性, 低温下粗、 细晶粒纯钛的塑性均比室温下的高。这种现象与纯钛低温下活跃的孪生密切相关。

 

关键字:  工业纯钛; 机械孪晶; 塑性; 力学性能

Twinning behavior and its effect on
mechanical behavior of commercial titanium
at cryogenic temperature
SUN Qiao-yan1, ZHU Rui-hua1, LIU Cui-ping2, YU Zhen-tao3

1. State Key Laboratory for Mechanical Behavior of Materials,
Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049, China;
2. School of Materials Science and Engineering,
Xi'an University of Technology. Xi'an 710048, China;
3. Research Center for Titanium Alloy,
Northwest Institute for Nonferrous Metals Research, Xi'an 710016, China

Abstract: Twinning behavior in tensile deformation of commercial pure titanium as well as its grain size dependence were investigated. The microstructure after deformation was observed by use of optical microscope and transmission electron microscope, and the twin fraction was obtained as well. The results show that twins appear mainly at the stage of strain hardening and twin fraction increases with increase of the plastic deformation. The size of twins at early stage of plastic deformation is larger than that at latter stage, however, larger twins will break under large deformation, which forms some zones with high density of twins together with small twins. The microstructures also show that twinning cooperates with slip in the deformation of titanium at cryogenic temperature. Commercial pure titanium with grain size of 18 μm and 55 μm were obtained after annealed at 650 ℃ and 800 ℃, respectively. The tensile properties show that ductility of titanium increases with increase of grain size from 18 μm to 55 μm at room temperature and -196 ℃, and twinning seems to become more common in coarsening grains. All the results imply that higher ductility in coarsening grain is related to the mechanisms of twinning induced plasticity.

 

Key words: commercially pure titanium; mechanical twinning; ductility; mechanical behavior

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG
CODEN: ZYJXFK

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG
CODEN: TNMCEW

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