Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

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中国有色金属学报

ZHONGGUO YOUSEJINSHU XUEBAO

第18卷    第5期    总第110期    2008年5月

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文章编号:1004-0609(2008)05-0755-09
有色金属材料可持续发展与循环经济
左铁镛,戴铁军

(北京工业大学 循环经济研究院, 北京100124)

摘 要: 近年来,我国有色金属材料产业发展迅猛,产量已居世界前列并占有重要地位,对国民经济高速发展做出重大贡献。然而,从资源、能源和环境的角度分析,有色金属材料的提取、制备、生产、使用和废弃又是一个不断消耗资源和破坏环境的过程,直接影响到经济社会的可持续发展。提高有色金属材料产业资源、能源的利用效率,降低其生产、制造和使用等过程中的环境负荷,已成为其持续发展的重要任务。因此,我国有色金属材料产业以“减量化、再利用、再循环”为原则,广泛开展大、中和小3个层面的物质循环,大力发展有色金属静脉产业,积极推广生态设计,研究开发节能型、环保型和循环型有色金属材料,全面促进有色金属材料产业的生态化改造和技术提升必将对其实施循环经济发展战略、走出一条可持续的发展道路起到重要作用。

 

关键词: 有色金属;产业;可持续发展;循环经济

Sustainable development of non-ferrous materials industry and recycling economy
ZUO Tie-yong, DAI Tie-jun

Institute of Recycling Economy, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100124, China

Abstract:The non-ferrous materials industry in China has got swift and violent development in the recent years. The output of many non-ferrous materials has already occupied arranging or important status in the world, and made great contributions to the high-speed development of national economy in China. However, the whole process of the abstraction, preparation, and production, using and discarding of the non-ferrous materials is course of consuming resources and destroying environment, constantly from the view of resources, energy and environment, which directly affects the sustainable development of economy and society. So improving the utilization efficiency for resource and energy, and reducing environmental load in the non-ferrous materials industry that are imminent problem to realize its sustainable development. Taking “reduce, reuse, recycle” as the principle, launching three different scales of recycling of industrial materials extensively, developing the vein industry in a more cost-effective manner, extending the eco-design energetically, researching and developing the materials of saving energy, environmental protection and recycling etc, thus we can change the situations of the high yield and low output value in China’s non-ferrous materials industry, promote the traditional material industry to ecological transformation and upgrade in an all-around way, develop recycling economy, and implement the sustainable developmental road.

 

Key words: non-ferrous materials; industry; sustainable development; recycling economy

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG
CODEN: ZYJXFK

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG
CODEN: TNMCEW

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