Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

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Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China

Vol. 22    No. 7    July 2012

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Thermodynamics analysis of LiFePO4 pecipitation from Li-Fe(II)-P-H2O system at 298 K
HE Li-hua, ZHAO Zhong-wei, LIU Xu-heng, CHEN Ai-liang, SI Xiu-fen

School of Metallurgical Science and Engineering, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China

Abstract:Thermodynamics of the precipitation from Li-Fe(II)-P-H2O system at 298 K was investigated. The results demonstrate that LiFePO4 can be formed at room temperature under pH value of 0-11.3, and the impurities Li3PO4 and Fe(OH)2 will be yielded at pH value above 11.3 and 12.9, respectively. The optimum pH value for LiFePO4 precipitation is 8-10.5. Considering the low rate of phase transformation kinetics, metastable Li-Fe(II)-P-H2O system was also studied. The results indicate that equimolar ratio of co-precipitation precursor Fe3(PO4)2·8H2O and Li3PO4 cannot be obtained at the initial molar ratio 1:1:1 and 1:1:3 of Li:Fe:P. In contrast, equimolar ratio of the co-precipitation precursor can be yielded by adjusting the pH value to 7-9.2, matching the molar ratio 3:1:1 of Li:Fe:P, meaning that Li+-excess is one of the essential conditions for LiFePO4 preparation by co-precipitation method.


Key words: lithium iron phosphate; lithium ion batteries; Li-Fe(II)-P-H2O system; thermodynamics; co-precipitation

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG

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