Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

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Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China

Vol. 11    No. 3    June 2001

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Influence of size of seed grains and sintering condition
on varistor properties of ZnO-Bi2O3-TiO2-Sb2O3 ceramics
XU Qing(徐  庆)1,2,  CHEN Wen(陈  文)1,2,  YUAN Runzhang(袁润章))1

1. State Key Laboratory of Advanced Technology
for Materials Synthesis and Processing;
2. Institute of Materials Science and Engineering,
Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070, P.R.China

Abstract: Varistor ceramics of ZnO-Bi2O3-TiO2-Sb2O3 system have been fabricated by introducing pre-fabricated ZnO seed grains with different size distributions respectively. The results show that the varistor properties were significantly influenced by the size of introduced seed grains, and introducing larger seed grains is more advantageous to the modification of microstructure and the improvement of varistor properties. The varistor properties were considerably improved with a moderately increased sintering temperature or time, whereas degraded apparently when the sintering temperature or time was excessively increased. Compared with the sintering time, the sintering temperature plays a more critical role in determining the varistor properties. By introducing pre-fabricated ZnO seed grains into the original powders, low-voltage ZnO varistor ceramics possessing the desired electrical properties have been produced with a sintering temperature of about 1 210℃ and a sintering temperature of 2~2.5 h.


Key words:  ZnO-Bi2O3-TiO2-Sb2O3 ceramics;  seed grains;  sintering temperature;  sintering time;  low varistor voltage

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG

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