Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

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Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China

Vol. 18    No. 2    April 2008

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Tolerance and removal of chromium(Ⅵ) by Bacillus sp. strain YB-1 isolated from electroplating sludge
LIU Yun-guo(刘云国), FENG Bao-ying(冯宝莹), FAN Ting(樊 霆), ZHOU Hai-zhou(周海舟), LI Xin(李 欣)

College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, China

Abstract:Four chromium(Ⅵ)-resistant bacteria named YB-1, YB-2, YB-3 and YB-4 were isolated from Cr-electroplating sludge. YB-1 and YB-2 were identified as a member of Bacillus sp. based on morphology and Biolog Microstation System. The strain of YB-1 was selected to test for its resistance and ability to remove Cr(Ⅵ) from aqueous solution. The results indicate that YB-1 exhibits high MIC value which can almost reach 140 mg/L and the growth of YB-1 in liquid medium containing 60 mg/L Cr(Ⅵ) is affected especially in the late exponential phase and stationary phase. Furthermore, the potential of living and freeze-dried YB-1 biomass to remove Cr(Ⅵ) was studied in different pH, biosorbent dose, contact time and initial concentration using the batch method. At the optimal conditions, living and freeze-dried biomass are capable of absorbing 34.5 mg/g and 17.8 mg/g chromium(Ⅵ) at initial concentration of 60 mg/L, respectively. The adsorption data were fitted to Langmuir isotherm model for these two sorbents. Kinetic studies show that the rates of sorption all follow the pseudo-second order kinetics.


Key words: Bacillus sp.; Cr(Ⅵ); minimal inhibitory concentration; biosorption; kinetic model

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG

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