Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

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Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China

Vol. 23    No. 12    December 2013

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Preparation and performance of hierarchically porous carbons as oxygen electrodes for lithium oxygen batteries
Yun-feng SONG, Xian-you WANG, Yan-song BAI, Hao WANG, Ben-an HU, Hong-bo SHU, Xiu-kang YANG, Lan-hua YI, Bo-wei JU, Xiao-yan ZHANG

Key Laboratory of Environmentally Friendly Chemistry and Applications of Ministry of Education,
School of Chemistry, Xiangtan University, Xiangtan 411105, China

Abstract:The hierarchically porous carbons (HPCs) were prepared by sol-gel selassembly technology in different surfactant concentrations and were used as the potential electrode for lithium oxygen batteries. The physical and electrochemical properties of the as-prepared HPCs were investigated by filed emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), nitrogen adsorption–desorption isotherm and galvanostatic charge/discharge. The results indicate that all of the HPCs mainly possess mesoporous structure with nearly similar pore size distribution. Using the HPCs as the electrode, a high discharge capacity for lithium oxygen battery can be achieved, and the discharge capacity increases with the specific surface area. Especially, the HPCs-3 oxygen electrode with CTAB concentration of 0.27 mol/L exhibits good capacity retention through controlling discharge depth to 800 mA·h/g and the highest discharge capacity of 2050 mA·h/g at a rate of 0.1 mA/cm2.


Key words: lithium oxygen battery; hierarchically porous carbon; oxygen electrode; oxygen reduction

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG

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