Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

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Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China

Vol. 30    No. 3    March 2020

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Microstructural, mechanical and shape memory characterizations of Ti-Mo-Sn alloys
Muhammad Luqman Hashmi, Abdul Wadood

Department of Material Science & Engineering, Institute of Space Technology, Near Rawat Toll Plaza, Islamabad-44000, Pakistan

Abstract:As a β stabilizing element in Ti-based alloys, the effect of Mo on phase constitution, microstructure, mechanical and shape memory properties was investigated. Different compositions of Ti-xMo-3Sn alloys (where x=2, 4, 6, at.%) were prepared by arc melting. A binary composition of Ti-6Mo alloy was also prepared for comparison. Ti-xMo-3Sn alloys show low hardness and high ductility with 90% reduction in thickness while Ti-6Mo alloy shows high hardness, brittle behavior, and poor ductility. Field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) reveals round morphology of athermal ω (ωath) precipitates. The presence of ωath phase is also confirmed by X-ray diffraction (XRD) in both as-cast and solution-treated and quenched conditions. The optical microscopy (OM) and FESEM show that the amount of martensite forming during quenching decreases with an increase in Mo content, which is also due to β→ω transformation. The hardness trends reinforce the presence of ωath too. The shape memory effect (SME) of 9% is the highest for Ti-6Mo-3Sn alloy. The SME is trivial due to ωath phase formation; however, the increase in SME is observed with an increase in Mo content, which is due to the reverse transformation from ωath and the stress-induced martensitic transformation. In addition, a new and very simple method was designed and used for shape memory effect measurement.


Key words: Ti-Mo-Sn alloys; shape memory effect; athermal ω phase; martensitic transformation; mechanical properties

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG

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