Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

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中国有色金属学报(英文版)

Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China

Vol. 30    No. 3    March 2020

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Effect of solidification process parameters on dry sliding wear behavior of AlNiBi alloy
T. M. BOTELHO1, H. M. AZEVEDO1, G. H. MACHADO1, C. R. BARBOSA1, F. S. ROCHA1, T. A. COSTA1, O. L. ROCHA1,2

1. Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology of Pará, IFPA, Almirante Barroso Avenue 1155, 66093-020 Belém, PA, Brazil;
2. Institute of Technology, Federal University of Pará, UFPA, Augusto Correa Avenue 1, 66075-110 Belém, PA, Brazil

Abstract:As-cast samples of the Al-3wt.%Ni-1wt.%Bi alloy resulting from the horizontal directional solidification process were subjected to the micro-abrasive wear test. The effects of the solidification thermal and microstructural parameters, such as the growth and cooling rates and the cellular and primary dendritic spacings (VL and TR; l1 and lc; respectively), were evaluated in the wear resistance of the investigated alloy. The tribological parameters analyzed were the wear volume and rate (Vw and Rw). The solidification experiments and the wear tests were carried out by means of a water-cooled horizontal directional solidification device and a rotary-fixed ball wear machine, respectively. The results show lower Vw and Rw values correspond to finer microstructures and the Vw dependence on l1 is characterized by an experimental mathematical equation. A better distribution of Bi soft droplets and Al3Ni hard intermetallic particles is observed within the finer interdendritic region and, in consequence, the better wear resistance is achieved in as-cast samples with dendritic morphology rather than cellular morphology. A transition of wear mechanism from adhesive to abrasive is observed.

 

Key words: unsteady-state horizontal solidification; dry sliding wear; cellular/dendrite arm spacing; microhardness; Bi particle; Al3Ni particle

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG
CODEN: ZYJXFK

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG
CODEN: TNMCEW

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