Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

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中国有色金属学报(英文版)

Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China

Vol. 29    No. 1    January 2019

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Low-temperature phase transitions of sodium aluminate solutions
Wei LIU, Zhou-lan YIN, Zhi-ying DING

School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China

Abstract:A series of low-temperature phase transitions of sodium aluminate solutions were studied by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and Raman spectroscopy. The results indicate that NaOH concentration is a primary impact factor for the binary eutectic point and ice melting temperature of sodium aluminate solutions with low NaOH concentration. In addition, the phase transition process of sodium aluminate solutions with low NaOH concentration from 123.15 to 283.15 K is divided into four steps: non-crystal to crystal, ternary eutectic reaction, binary eutectic reaction and ice melt. The projection phase diagram of NaOH-Al(OH)3-H2O system at low temperature was plotted, in which the ternary eutectic temperature for sodium aluminate solutions is 183.15 K.

 

Key words: sodium aluminate solution; low-temperature phase transition; differential scanning calorimetry; Raman spectroscopy; eutectic reaction

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG
CODEN: ZYJXFK

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG
CODEN: TNMCEW

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