Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

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Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China

Vol. 29    No. 1    January 2019

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Contrasting initial events of localized corrosion on surfaces of 2219-T42 and 6061-T6 aluminum alloys exposed in Caribbean seawater
Gloria ACOSTA1, Lucien VELEVA1, Juan Luis LóPEZ1, D. A. LóPEZ-SAURI2

1. Applied Physics Department, Research Center for Advanced Studies (CINVESTAV), Unidad Mérida, km 6 Carr. Antigua a Progreso, AP 73 Cordemex, 97310 Mérida, Yucatán, México;
2. Tecnológico Nacional de México, Instituto Tecnológico de Mérida, Departamento de Química y Bioquímica, Av. Tecnológico km 4.5 S/N, 97118 Mérida, Yucatán, México

Abstract:Aluminum alloy samples, 6061-T6 and 2219-T42, were exposed to Caribbean seawater for 90 d. The fluctuations of open circuit potential, considered as electrochemical noise (EN), were used to characterize and compare initial pitting events, which appeared on their surfaces. EN analysis was carried out using the power spectral density (PSD) vs frequency. The decrease of the b exponent in PSD graphs indicated a release of spontaneous energy with the progress of pit formation in seawater. The fluctuations were associated with the breakdown and formation of new corrosion layers. The values of β exponent in PSD graphs suggest that corrosion process of AA2219-T42 alloy occurs as a persistent non-stationary process, the dynamics of which is controlled by fractional Brownian motion (fBm), while on AA6061-T6 alloy the corrosion process was dominated by stationary and weakly persistent features, with the contribution of fractional Gaussian noise (fGn). After the exposure in seawater, SEM-EDX analysis revealed insoluble intermetallic particles on the alloys, rich in Cu or Fe and irregularly distributed. The preferential dissolution of Mg and Al occurs from the S-phase (Al2CuMg) of AA2219-T42 alloy.


Key words: aluminum alloy; corrosion; electrochemical noise; intermetallic particles; seawater

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG

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