Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

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中国有色金属学报

ZHONGGUO YOUSEJINSHU XUEBAO

第28卷    第3期    总第228期    2018年3月

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文章编号:1004-0609(2018)-03-0637-07
磷酸盐沉淀法除铁过程热力学分析
肖 超1,曾 理2,李义兵1,肖连生2

(1. 桂林理工大学 材料科学与工程学院 广西高校有色金属清洁冶炼与综合利用重点实验室,桂林 541004; 2. 中南大学 冶金与环境学院,长沙 410083)

摘 要: 除铁是锌湿法冶金过程的重要步骤。磷酸盐沉淀法相比于传统的铁矾、针铁矿和赤铁矿沉淀法具有明显的优势。针对磷酸盐沉淀法的从硫酸锌溶液中净化除铁过程进行热力学分析,绘制了298 K时Men+-P-H2O(Me:Zn(II),Cu(II),Fe(II),Fe(III),Ni(II))系组浓度对数-pH图,利用热力学平衡图对磷酸盐沉淀法的从硫酸锌溶液中净化除铁和磷酸铁碱分解过程进行热力学分析。结果表明:pH值为0~5.0时磷酸盐形成由易至难依次为 Fe(III)>>Cu(II)>Fe(II) >>Zn(II)>Ni(II);整个pH值范围可以分为难溶磷酸盐稳定区、Me(OH)n稳定区;高pH区磷酸盐中的Me转变为稳定的Me(OH)n,实现磷酸盐碱分解。验证实验表明,加入1.0倍理论量的磷酸钠,控制沉淀pH值为2.0,铁、锌、铜、镍沉淀率分别为98.9%、3.5%、2.8%、0.7%;FePO4与其2.0倍物质量的NaOH反应,产物为Fe(OH)3、Na2HPO4,磷浸出率为96.8%,分解液pH为11.3,实验与理论相符。

 

关键字: 磷酸盐;铁;锌;沉淀;热力学

Thermodynamic analysis on removing iron by phosphate precipitation
XIAO Chao1, ZENG Li2, LI Yi-bing1, XIAO Lian-sheng2

1. Guangxi Key Laboratory in Universities of Clean Metallurgy and Comprehensive Utilization for Non-ferrous Metals Resources, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Guilin University of Technology, Guilin 541004, China; 2. School of Metallurgy and Environment, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China

Abstract:Removing iron is the key process of extraction zinc by hydrometallurgy. The removing iron from leach solution by means of phosphate precipitation may be a feasible alternative to conventional precipitation processes as jarosite, goethite or hematite. Aiming at removing iron by phosphate precipitation, the logarithm concentration-pH diagram of Men+-P-H2O(Me:Zn(II), Cu(II), Fe(II), Fe(III), Ni(II)) system was established on the basis of thermodynamic data at 298 K, according to the laws of conservation of mass and simultaneous equilibria. Themodynamic analysis was carried out to discuss the process of removing iron from lixivium of zinc calcine by phosphate precipitation and decomposition of iron phosphate by sodium hydroxide. The results show that the ions can be removed respectively by phosphate precipitation in the following order: Fe(III)>>Cu(II)>Fe(II) >>Zn(II)>Ni(II). The whole pH value of the system is divided into two areas. The one is the stable of sparingly soluble phosphate, the other is Me(OH)n. Me(OH)n is gradually superaturated in the solution with the increase of pH value, so the Me(OH)n is deposited as sediment, and phosphate goes into solution. The verification experiment results showed that the precipitation rate of Fe, Zn, Cu and Ni were 98.9%, 3.5%, 2.8% and 0.7%, respectively, by 100% theoretical amounts of sodium phosphate at pH 2.0. When the dosage of NaOH is 2.0 times of the mole ratio of FePO4, FePO4 decomposed into Fe(OH)3 precipitate and Na2HPO4, phosphorus leaching rate is 96.8%, the pH value of leaching liquid is 11.3, which is consistent with the thermodynamic analysis.

 

Key words: phosphate; iron; zinc; precipitation; thermodynamic

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG
CODEN: ZYJXFK

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG
CODEN: TNMCEW

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