Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

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中国有色金属学报

ZHONGGUO YOUSEJINSHU XUEBAO

第28卷    第3期    总第228期    2018年3月

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文章编号:1004-0609(2018)-03-0612-06
组合捕收剂浮选锂辉石的作用机理
刘若华1,孙 伟1,冯 木1,梅 志1,金 娇2

(1. 中南大学 资源加工与生物工程学院,长沙 410083; 2. 长沙理工大学 交通运输工程学院,长沙 410114)

摘 要: 通过浮选试验、表面张力测试、Zeta电位以及红外光谱分析,考察油酸钠(NaOL)、十二烷基琥珀酰胺(HZ)两种捕收剂及其组合捕收剂对锂辉石的浮选性能和作用机理。结果表明:单一捕收剂在一定浓度下都能较好地浮选锂辉石,其中HZ的捕收性能强于NaOL,组合捕收剂浮选效果明显优于任意单一捕收剂。在药剂用量为200 mg/L、pH=9.0左右、组合捕收剂的混合摩尔比n(NaOL):n(HZ)为5:1的条件下,浮选效果最好,浮选回收率达88.48%。红外光谱分析表明NaOL在锂辉石表面以化学吸附为主,HZ则以物理吸附为主,两种捕收剂组合使用后的正协同作用是由于锂辉石矿物表面的不均匀性和表面的活性质点的差异使这两种不同药剂能选择性的吸附在矿物表面的不同位置,从而提高药剂捕收性能。

 

关键字: 锂辉石;油酸钠;十二烷基琥珀酰胺;浮选;组合捕收剂

Mechanism on flotation of spodumene with combined collector
LIU Ruo-hua1, SUN Wei1, FENG Mu1, MEI Zhi1, JIN Jiao2

1. School of Minerals Processing and Bioengineering, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China; 2. School of Traffic and Transportation Engineering, Changsha University of Science and Technology, Changsha 410114, China

Abstract:Flotation performance and mechanism of sodium oleate (NaOL), twelve alkyl succinic amide (HZ), and their combined collectors for spodumene were investigated by flotation tests, surface tension test, Zeta potential and infrared spectroscopic analysis. The results show that each of the single collector has a good capacity for spodumene. The collectability of different collectors follows the descending order:Combined collectors, HZ, NaOL. The combined collector (n(NaOL):n(HZ)=5:1) plays the best role in the flotation at a collector dosage of 200 mg/L and pH=9.0, obtaining recovery of 88.48%. The IR result shows that the ways of NaOL and HZ adsorbed on the surface of spodumene are chemosorption and physisorption, respectively. The positive synergistic effect dues to the selective adsorption of the components in the combined collector on the different active sites and the heterogeneity of the different surface can improve the collection performance.

 

Key words: spodumene; sodium oleate; twelve alkyl succinic amide; flotation; combined collector

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG
CODEN: ZYJXFK

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG
CODEN: TNMCEW

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