Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

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中国有色金属学报

ZHONGGUO YOUSEJINSHU XUEBAO

第28卷    第3期    总第228期    2018年3月

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文章编号:1004-0609(2018)-03-0446-11
显微组织不均匀性对富Ti含量Ti-Ni合金负热膨胀行为的影响
马骁,祝星,赵仲勋,曹姗姗,柯常波,张新平

(华南理工大学 材料科学与工程学院,广州 510640)

摘 要: 采用真空电弧熔炼技术结合水冷铜模快速凝固工艺制备出在一定温度范围内具有负热膨胀行为的系列成分富Ti含量Ti100-xNix(x=38~50,摩尔分数,%)熔铸态与吸铸态合金。结果表明:合金的负热膨胀行为主要源于升温过程中B19′→B2逆马氏体相变所引起的体积变化。富Ti 含量Ti-Ni合金在室温下的主要物相为B19′-NiTi相和Ti2Ni相,通过热膨胀实验数据和混合定则(ROM)计算所得的B19′相、Ti2Ni相和B2相的热膨胀系数值与文献报道实验结果非常接近。所制备合金的显微组织具有明显择优取向生长特征,导致合金的负热膨胀行为呈现显著的各向异性。当合金中Ni含量增加时,样品的负热膨胀系数沿最大冷却速率方向增大,而在垂直于最大冷却速率方向上先增大后减小。

 

关键字: 富Ti含量Ti-Ni合金;负热膨胀;显微组织;相变;快速凝固;各向异性

Influence of anisotropic microstructure on negative thermal expansion behavior of Ti-rich Ti-Ni alloys
MA Xiao, ZHU Xing, ZHAO Zhong-xun, CAO Shan-shan, KE Chang-bo, ZHANG Xin-ping

School of Materials Science and Engineering, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510640, China

Abstract:The conventional cast and suction-cast Ti100-xNix (x=38.0~50.0 (mole fraction, %)) alloys with negative thermal expansion (NTE) behavior were fabricated by vacuum arc melting process combining with rapid solidification technique. The results show that the NTE behavior of the alloys originates from the volume change accompanying the B19′→B2 reverse martensitic phase transformation during heating process. B19′-NiTi and Ti2Ni are the two major phases in Ti-rich Ti-Ni alloys at room temperature, and values of the calculated coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) of B19′, Ti2Ni and B2 phases by using the rule of mixtures (ROM) agree with the experimental data published in literatures. The significant anisotropic NTE response is attributed to the microstructure of the alloys which exhibits typical preferred grain growth characteristics. With increasing the Ni content, the absolute values of CTE along the maximum cooling direction of the alloys increase, while the CTE perpendicular to the maximum cooling direction increases initially and then decreases.

 

Key words: Ti-rich Ti-Ni alloy; negative thermal expansion; microstructure; phase transformation; rapid solidification; anisotropic property

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG
CODEN: ZYJXFK

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG
CODEN: TNMCEW

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