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中国有色金属学报

ZHONGGUO YOUSEJINSHU XUEBAO

第26卷    第7期    总第208期    2016年7月

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文章编号:1004-0609(2016)-07-1444-07
冷却速度对B2-NiSc金属间化合物组织的影响
常亚涛,郭学锋,崔红保,原志鹏,朱攀攀

(河南理工大学 材料科学与工程学院,焦作 454000)

摘 要: 采用真空电弧熔炼水冷铜模吸铸法制备Ni-50%Sc合金(摩尔分数,下同),采用程序计算、光学和扫描电子显微镜分析B2-NiSc金属间化合物急冷快速凝固组织的演化规律,采用XRD和EDS分析合金组织的相组成。结果表明:以名义成分Ni-50%Sc配制合金,真空水冷铜模吸铸成d 2、d 5和d 8 mm急冷试样对应的凝固速率分别为3112、497.9和194.5 K/s。Ro=1.5 mm为临界尺寸,对应着凝固速率的骤然变化。因Sc含量的损失,枝晶间出现了共晶(Ni2Sc+NiSc)组织;R>Ro(d5和d 8 mm试样),凝固组织为粗大枝晶B2-NiSc+共晶(Ni2Sc+NiSc)组织;R<Ro(d 2 mm试样)为细小球状枝晶B2-NiSc+少量共晶(Ni2Sc+NiSc)组织。经Image-Pro Plus面积分析和计算,合金熔化过程中Sc烧损约为3.25%~3.31%,从理论上,通过亚快速凝固不能获得单相B2-NiSc。急冷快速凝固后组织经(970 ℃,72 h)均匀热处理后,d 2 mm试样组织为粒状B2-NiSc+球状颗粒Ni2Sc,d5和d8 mm组织为粒状B2-NiSc+长条颗粒Ni2Sc。

 

关键字: 金属间化合物;NiSc化合物;组织演化;急冷快速凝固

Effect of cooling rate on microstructure evolution of alloy mainly consisted of B2-NiSc intermetallics
CHANG Ya-tao, GUO Xue-feng, CUI Hong-bao, YUAN Zhi-peng, ZHU Pan-pan

School of Materials Science and Engineering, Henan Polytechnic University, Jiaozuo 454000, China

Abstract:Ni-50%Sc alloy was prepared with a vacuum arc smelting and water cooled copper mold suction-casting machine. The microstructure evolution of the rapidly solidified alloy which mainly consists of B2-NiSc phase was analyzed by optical metalloscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The microstructure constitutes was also calculated with an Image-Pro Plus software. XRD was used to identify phase microstructural components, and further more the composition of each phase was analyzed with EDS. The cooling rates for the solidified specimens with diameters of 2, 5 and 8 mm were 3112, 497.9 and 194.5 K/s, respectively. It is found that Ro=3/2 mm is a critical dimension which corresponds to an abrupt change in solidification rate. It is also found that eutectic mixture structure of (Ni2Sc+NiSc) is dispersed at grain boundary or between dendritic arms due to the loss of Sc element during melting. While R>Ro (corresponding to the specimens with diameters of 5 and 8 mm), the solidification structure consists with coarse B2-NiSc dendrite and eutectic (Ni2Sc+NiSc). While R<Ro (corresponding to the specimens with diameter of 2 mm), the solidification structure consists with fine globular B2-NiSc dendrite and relatively small amounts of eutectic (Ni2Sc+NiSc). Based on the phase volumetric analyzing of the microstructure with an Image-Pro Plus software, the loss of Sc element during melting is about 3.25%~3.31% in according with specimens diameters. Therefore, it could be concluded that B2-NiSc intermetallics without any second phase is difficult to achieve under the condition of sub-rapid solidification. Microstructures underwent (970 ℃, 72 h) homogenization heat treatment of the rapid solidified specimens were analyzed. Spherical Ni2Sc particles are dispersed on the B2-NiSc matrix for the specimen with 2 mm diameter, but the second phase Ni2Sc is in plate shape for the specimens with 5 and 8 mm diameters.

 

Key words: intermetallics; NiSc alloy; microstructure evolution; rapidly solidification

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG
CODEN: ZYJXFK

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG
CODEN: TNMCEW

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