Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

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Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China

Vol. 25    No. 2    February 2015

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Influence of pouring temperature on solidification behavior, microstructure and mechanical properties of sand-cast Mg-10Gd-3Y-0.4Zr alloy
Song PANG1,2, Guo-hua WU1, Wen-cai LIU1, Liang ZHANG1, Yang ZHANG1, Hans CONRAD2, Wen-jiang DING1

1. National Engineering Research Center of Light Alloy Net Forming and
State Key Laboratory of Metal Matrix Composite, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China;
2. Department of Materials Science and Engineering, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695-7907, USA

Abstract:Influence of the pouring temperature ranging from 680 to 780 °C on the solidification behavior, the microstructure and mechanical properties of the sand-cast Mg-10Gd-3Y-0.4Zr alloy was investigated. It was found that the nucleation undercooling of the α-Mg phase increased from 2.3 to 6.3 °C. The average α-Mg grain size increased from 44 to 71 μm, but then decreased to 46 μm. The morphology of the eutectic compound transformed from a continuous network into a discontinuous state and then subsequently into an island-like block. The volume fraction of β-Mg24RE5 phase increased and its morphology transformed from particle into rod-like. The increase in pouring temperature increased the solute concentration. YS increased from 138 to 151 MPa, and UTS increased from 186 to 197 MPa. The alloy poured at 750 °C had optimal combining strength and ductility. The fracture surface mode transformed from quasi-cleavage crack into transgranular fracture, all plus the dimple-like fracture, with the micro-porosity and the re-oxidation inclusion as major defects. The average α-Mg grain size played a main role in the YS of sand-cast Mg-10Gd-3Y-0.4Zr alloy, besides other factors, i.e. micro-porosity, morphology of eutectic compounds, re-oxidation inclusion and solute concentration.


Key words: sand-cast; Mg alloys; solidification; microstructure; mechanical properties

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG

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