Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

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中国有色金属学报(英文版)

Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China

Vol. 24    No. 5    May 2014

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Preparation and characterization of amorphous boron powder with high activity
Zhi-he DOU, Ting-an ZHANG, Guan-yong SHI, Chao PENG, Ming WEN, Ji-cheng HE

Key Laboratory for Ecological Metallurgy of Multimetallic Mineral (Ministry of Education),
Northeastern University, Shenyang 110819, China

Abstract:The amorphous boron powders with high activity were prepared by the high-energy ball milling-combustion synthesis method. The effects of the milling rate and milling time on the crystallinity, microscopic morphology and reactivity of amorphous boron powder were studied. The results show that the crystallinity of amorphous nano-boron powder is only 22.5%, and its purity reaches 92.86%. The high-energy ball milling can significantly refine boron powder particle sizes, whose average particle sizes are smaller than 50 nm, and specific surface areas are of up to 70.03 m2/g. When the transmission electron beam irradiates the samples, they rapidly melt. It can be seen that the monomer amorphous boron size is less than 30 nm from the specimen melting traces, which indicates that the samples have high reactivity.

 

Key words: amorphous nano-boron powder; high activity; high-energy ball milling; combustion synthesis

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG
CODEN: ZYJXFK

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG
CODEN: TNMCEW

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