Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

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中国有色金属学报

ZHONGGUO YOUSEJINSHU XUEBAO

第24卷    第4期    总第181期    2014年4月

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文章编号:1004-0609(2014)04-1070-06
锌冶炼含镉烟尘制备高纯镉粉的新工艺
刘 远,郑雅杰,孙召明

(中南大学 冶金与环境学院,长沙 410083)

摘 要: 采用硫酸浸出锌冶炼含镉烟尘,得到含镉硫酸浸出液,在硫酸镉浸出液中加入双氧水和FeCl3溶液,用NaOH溶液调节pH值后过滤,将滤液加入NaOH溶液中得到Cd(OH)2粉体,采用氢气还原得到镉粉。结果表明:当硫酸浓度为110 g/L、反应温度为65 ℃时,镉浸出率达99.63%。双氧水用量为理论量10倍、n(Fe)/n(As)为3:1、pH=5.5时,砷的去除率达99.5%,得到净化的硫酸镉溶液。将硫酸镉溶液以缓慢加料方式加入浓度为2 mol/L的NaOH溶液中,反应温度为25 ℃,控制终点pH=10,过滤洗涤得到粒径为10~20 μm的Cd(OH)2粉体,采用氢气还原Cd(OH)2粉体,在反应温度为310 ℃、反应时间120 min、氢气流量40 L/h时,得到平均粒径为49.61 μm的球形镉粉。

 

关键字: 焙烧烟尘;除杂;化学沉淀法;氢气还原;镉粉;锌冶炼

New technology of high purity Cd powder prepared from roasting dust of zinc smelting
LIU Yuan, ZHENG Ya-jie, SUN Zhao-ming

School of Metallurgy and Environment, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China

Abstract:The CdSO4 solution was prepared by leaching roasting dust of zinc smelting with sulfuric acid, then, the CdSO4 solution was purified by adding hydrogen peroxide and ferric chloride and adjusting pH with sodium hydroxide. Cd(OH)2 powder was prepared after the purified CdSO4 solution mixed with NaOH solution, then, reduced with hydrogen. The results show that the leaching rate of Cd reaches 99.63% under the condition of H2SO4 concentration of 110 g/L, reaction temperature of 65 ℃. Under the condition that n(Fe)/n(As) is 3:1 and pH is 5.5, the removal rate of As can be higher than 99.5%. The obtained Cd(OH)2 particle size is 10-20 μm when the reaction temperature is 25 ℃, pH value of the solution is 10. High purified Cd powders were prepared from Cd(OH)2 particles reduced by hydrogen. The optimum process conditions are as follows: reaction temperature is 310 ℃, reaction time is 120 min and hydrogen flow is 40 L/h. The average particles size of spherical Cd powder is about 49.61 μm.

 

Key words: roasting dust; impurity; chemical precipitation; hydrogen reduction; Cd powder; zinc smelting

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG
CODEN: ZYJXFK

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG
CODEN: TNMCEW

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