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中国有色金属学报

ZHONGGUO YOUSEJINSHU XUEBAO

第24卷    第4期    总第181期    2014年4月

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文章编号:1004-0609(2014)04-1028-08
Pd基Heusler合金Pd2CrGa和Pd2FeGa的 第一性原理研究
刘国平1, 2,米传同1, 2,钱 帅1, 2,余新泉1, 2,赵 昆1, 2,于 金1, 2

(1. 东南大学 材料科学与工程学院,南京 211189;
2. 东南大学 江苏省先进金属材料高技术研究重点实验室,南京 211189
)

摘 要: 运用基因遗传算法的晶格结构预测技术预测Pd基Heusler合金Pd2MnSn、Pd2CrGa和Pd2FeGa的结构;采用基于密度泛函理论(DFT)的投影缀加波(PAW)方法研究Pd2CrGa和Pd2FeGa的四方变形、磁性、态密度、弹性常数和声子谱线,最后通过Helmholtz自由能的计算预测了Pd2CrGa和Pd2FeGa的相变温度。结构预测显示:极限条件0 K时,Pd2MnSn以L21立方结构稳定存在,而Pd2CrGa和Pd2FeGa均以四方结构稳定存在。四方变形中,Pd2CrGa、Pd2FeGa在c/a<1.0和c/a>1.0处均有一个能量的局域最小值,分别对应一个稳定的结构。Pd2CrGa、Pd2FeGa在两种状态下均表现为铁磁性,Cr原子和Fe原子是总磁矩的主要贡献者。弹性常数计算结果显示:Pd2CrGa和Pd2FeGa仅在四方结构时才满足稳定性判据。c/a≈1.24处的四方结构Pd2CrGa转变为立方结构的相变温度在350 K左右,c/a≈1.30处的四方结构Pd2FeGa转变为立方结构的相变温度在130 K左右。

 

关键字: Heusler合金;结构预测;四方变形;声子

First-principles study on Pd-based Heusler alloy Pd2CrGa and Pd2FeGa
LIU Guo-ping1, 2, MI Chuan-tong1, 2, QIAN Shuai1, 2, YU Xin-quan1, 2, ZHAO Kun1, 2, YU Jin1, 2

1. School of Materials Science and Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing 211189, China;
2. Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Advanced Metallic Materials, Southeast University, Nanjing 211189, China

Abstract:Based on genetic algorithm, the structures of Pd-based Heusler alloy Pd2MnSn, Pd2CrGa and Pd2FeGa were forecasted. The tetragonal distortion, magnetic, DOS elastic constants and phonon dispersion spectra of Pd2CrGa and Pd2FeGa were calculated by first-principles calculation based on DFT with projector augmented wave pseudopotential (PAW). At last, based on the result of Helmholtz free-energy, the phase transition temperatures of Pd2CrGa and Pd2FeGa were predicted. The crystal structure prediction shows that Pd2MnSn is L21 cubic structure, but Pd2CrGa and Pd2FeGa are tetragonal structures at 0 K. The tetragonal distortion analysis show that there are local minimums total energy at c/a<1.0 and c/a>1.0, which correspond to stable martensitic phases. Pd2MGa (M=Cr,Fe) are ferromagnetic in these two postures, and M (M=Cr,Fe) is the main magnetic contribution to its alloys, respectively. The elastic constants of Pd2CrGa, Pd2FeGa show that, cubic structure doesn’t satisfy stability conditions, but tetragonal structure satisfy the stability conditions at c/a≈1.24 and c/a≈1.30, respectively. Based on the results of Helmholtz free-energy, the phase transition temperatures of Pd2CrGa and Pd2FeGa tetragonal structure transferring to cubic structure are about 350 K and 130 K, respectively.

 

Key words: Heusler alloy; structure prediction; tetragonal distortion; phonon

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG
CODEN: ZYJXFK

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG
CODEN: TNMCEW

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