Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

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中国有色金属学报

ZHONGGUO YOUSEJINSHU XUEBAO

第23卷    第6期    总第171期    2013年6月

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文章编号:1004-0609(2013)06-1479-10
激光焊接工艺参数对高强镁合金焊缝成形及裂纹倾向的影响
俞照辉1,严红革2,管正刚1,尹绪雨1,李 颖1

(1. 国核电站运行服务技术有限公司,上海 200233;
2. 湖南大学 材料科学与工程学院,长沙 410082
)

摘 要: 采用CO2激光对高热裂倾向的ZK60高强镁合金挤压板材进行焊接,研究焊接工艺参数对焊缝成形特征及裂纹倾向的影响规律。结果表明:激光焦点位置设定在板材上表面时,焊缝可以获得最大的熔深和深宽比;焊接速度过高或过低均会导致焊缝深宽比的减小和热裂纹的产生,采用优化的焊接速度可得到成形形状良好且无裂纹的焊缝;激光深熔焊匙孔形成所需的功率密度阈值在0.99×105~1.23×105W/cm2之间,为了保证深熔匙孔的稳定,激光功率选择的下限应不低于750 W;而功率增大到一定值以后,焊缝的熔深不再增大,功率选择的上限应不高于750 W。高速焊接条件下,随着焊接速度的增大,焊缝热裂倾向增大,且开裂形式逐渐由横向裂纹向纵向裂纹转变。

 

关键字: ZK60镁合金;工艺参数;焊缝成形;热裂纹;激光焊接

Effects of laser welding parameters on weld appearance and cracking tendency of high strength magnesium alloy
YU Zhao-hui1, YAN Hong-ge2, GUAN Zheng-gang1, YIN Xu-yu1, LI Ying1

1. State Nuclear Power Plant Service Company, Shanghai 200233, China;
2. College of Materials Science and Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, China

Abstract:The high cracking susceptible ZK60 magnesium alloy plates were welded by CO2 laser beam. The effects of welding parameters on the appearance and cracking tendency of the welds were studied. The results show that weld with maximum penetration and aspect ratio can be obtained when the position of focal point is adjusted on the top surface of the plate. Too higher or too lower welding speed deteriorates aspect ratio and leads to the occurrence of hot cracking. Under optimum welding speed range, the weld with high aspect ratio and free of cracking can be manufactured successfully. The threshold power density for deep penetration mode welding of ZK60 alloy is approximately between 0.99×105 and 1.23×105 W/cm2, thus the minimum laser power to sustain is about 750W, and the upper limit of recommend laser power for welding should be lower than that results in maximum penetration deep. Under the condition of higher welding speed, ZK60 alloy presents stronger cracking tendency and morphologies of cracks evolve from transverse to longitudinal with the welding speed increasing further.

 

Key words: ZK60 magnesium alloy; welding parameter; weld appearance; hot cracking; laser beam welding

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG
CODEN: ZYJXFK

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG
CODEN: TNMCEW

主管:中国科学技术协会 主办:中国有色金属学会 承办:中南大学
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