Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

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中国有色金属学报

ZHONGGUO YOUSEJINSHU XUEBAO

第8卷    第4期    总第29期    1998年12月

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文章编号:(1998)04-714-5
岩体初始应力实测值的各向异性球壳模型解析
黄醒春    寇新建

(上海交通大学建筑工程与力学学院, 上海 200030)

摘 要:     提出了各向异性弹性球壳模型, 并据此建立了岩体初始应力状态的解析式; 得出了与全球实测应力值相吻合的解析结果, 从自重应力理论的角度分析了岩体初始应力沿地表深度的分布特征。解析结果表明: 岩体初始应力主要受岩体自重、地表位移、地温以及由岩体弹性参数E和μ间接表述的地质构造运动的影响;水平面内最大及最小正应力的差异主要取决于岩体各向异性特征。

 

关键字:     岩体初始应力     最大水平应力     最小水平应力    各向异性球壳模型解析

ANALYSIS ON INITIAL ROCK STRESS MEASUREMENTS BY ORTHOTROPIC SPHERICAL SHELL MODEL
Huang Xingchun and Kou Xinjian

Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200030, P. R. China

Abstract:An orthotropic spherical shell model has been presented. The elementary equations for initial rock stress analysis have been established in 3D elastic theory. By this method, it is capable to calculate the initial rock stress in any depth below surface, and then trend of maximum and minimum horizontal stress has been investigated based on the gravity field theory. It is shown that the calculation agrees with the initial rock stress measurements observed in the world. In addition, the case example shows a close agreement bet ween the present analysis and the insitu measurement.

 

Key words:     initial rock stress    maximum and minimum horizontal stress
                      orthotropic spherical shell model analysis

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG
CODEN: ZYJXFK

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG
CODEN: TNMCEW

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