Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

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中国有色金属学报

ZHONGGUO YOUSEJINSHU XUEBAO

第12卷    第6期    总第51期    2002年12月

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文章编号:1004-0609(2002)06-1277-04
Sb在铜电解液净化中的应用
王学文1, 2, 陈启元1, 龙子平2
苏中府2,尹周澜1,张平民1

(1. 中南大学 化学化工学院, 长沙 410083;
2. 江西铜业公司贵溪冶炼厂, 贵溪 335424
)

摘 要: 介绍了Sb在铜电解液净化中的应用。 铜阳极泥分银渣(含Sb21.35%)以及由Sb2O3 和BaSO4合成的吸附剂能选择性吸附电解液中的As, Sb, Bi。在确保电解液主要成分不变的情况下, 不论是分银渣还是合成吸附剂都能从铜电解液中吸附90%Bi, 80%Sb及部分As。 在讨论吸附机理的同时, 还研究了阳极铜含Sb对电解过程杂质在阳极泥和电解液之间的分配比例的影响。发现提高Sb在阳极铜里的相对含量可增大电解过程As, Sb, Bi进入阳极泥的比例,从而为铜电解净液寻找了一条方便经济的途径。

 

关键字: 锑吸附剂; 铜电解精炼; 溶液净化

Application of antimony in purification of copper electrolyte
WANG Xue-wen1, 2, CHEN Qi-yuan1, LONG Zi-ping2, SU Zhong-fu2,
 YIN Zhou-lan1, ZHANG Ping-min1

1. College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, 
Central South University, Changsha 410083, China;
2. Guixi Smelter, Jiangxi Copper Corporation, 
Guixi 335424, China

Abstract:The application of antimony in the purification of copper electrolyte was presented. Copper anode slime residue extracted silver(Sb content 21.35%)and the adsorbent synthesized with Sb2O3 and BaSO4 can selectively adsorb As, Sb and Bi from copper electrolyte. Under the conditions of fixed contents of Cu and H2SO4 in copper electrolyte, both the residue and the adsorbent can adsorb 90% of Bi, 80% of Sb as well as parts of As. Besides the mechanism of adsorption was discussed, the influence of antimony content in copper anode on the distribution of impurities between anode slime and electrolyte was studied. It was found that by increasing the content of Sb in anode properly, the amount of impurities remained in electrolyte can be markedly reduced, so the amount of electrolyte to be purified can be reduced.

 

Key words:  antimony adsorbent; copper electrorefining; solution purification

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG
CODEN: ZYJXFK

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG
CODEN: TNMCEW

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