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中国有色金属学报

ZHONGGUO YOUSEJINSHU XUEBAO

第11卷    第z2期    总第100期    2001年11月

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文章编号: 1004-0609(2001)S2-0148-04
过偏晶合金Ni-40%Pb深过冷凝固组织
郑红星, 陈倬麟, 郭学锋

(西安理工大学 材料科学与工程学院,西安 710048)

摘 要: 采用熔融玻璃净化与循环过热相结合的方法研究过冷Ni-40%Pb(质量分数)过偏晶合金的组织演化规律。结果发现:过偏晶合金在快速凝固阶段本质上是以枝晶方式生长;当ΔT<50K时,合金组织为粗大枝晶+枝晶间Pb相+团块状Pb相;当100<ΔT<198K时,合金组织宏观偏析严重;当ΔT=292K时,合金组织呈粒状晶,第二相均匀弥散分布。分析表明:凝固组织宏观偏析与快速凝固阶段固液相变速率和体系残余液相分数有关;粒状晶粒化机制属于枝晶碎断-再结晶机制。

 

关键字:   深过冷; NiPb过偏晶合金; 枝晶生长; 组织粒化

Solidification structures in
deep-undercooled Ni-40%Pb hypermonotectic alloys
ZHENG Hong-xing, CHEN Zhuo-lin, GUO Xue-feng

School of Materials Science and Engineering, Xi′an University of Technology,
Xi′an 710048, P.R.China

Abstract:Structural evolution in undercooled Ni-40%Pb(mass fraction) hypermonotectic alloys was investigated systematically by employing the method of molten glass purification combined with superheating cycling. Within the achieved undercooling range of 0 to 292K, the structures were classified into three categories. When the undercooling was less than 50K, coarse dendrites and interdendritic lead lumps comprised the major characteristics of hypermonotectic alloys. With increasing the undercoolings into the range of 100K to 198K, the macrosegregation was serious. When the undercooling was up to 292K, the granular grains formed, and the refined lead particles distributed homogeneously in the whole sample. Analytical result shows that the degree of macrosegregation is related to the solid/liquid phase transition velocity and the residual liquid fraction during the rapid solidification stage. The granulation mechanism of undercooled granular grains is owing to the dendrite breaking-up and recrystallization.

 

Key words: deep undercooling; Ni-Pb hypermonotectic alloy; dendrite growth; structural granulation

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG
CODEN: ZYJXFK

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG
CODEN: TNMCEW

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