Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

您目前所在的位置:首页 - 期刊简介 - 详细页面

中国有色金属学报

ZHONGGUO YOUSEJINSHU XUEBAO

第14卷    第6期    总第63期    2004年6月

[PDF全文下载]    [Flash在线阅读]

    

文章编号:1004-0609(2004)06-1013-07
TiC-Ni金属陶瓷自蔓延高温合成中的
显微组织演变
肖国庆1, 2, 范群成1, 顾美转1, 金志浩1

( 1. 西安交通大学 材料科学与工程学院 
金属材料强度国家重点实验室, 西安 710049;
2. 西安建筑科技大学 材料科学与工程学院, 
西安 710055
)

摘 要: 用燃烧波淬熄法研究了TiC-Ni金属陶瓷自蔓延高温合成(SHS)中的组织演变, 淬熄试样中保留了未反应区、反应区和已反应区。 用扫描电子显微镜观察了燃烧反应中显微组织的转变过程, 用能谱仪分析了各微区的成分变化, 测量了燃烧温度Tc和燃烧波蔓延速度, 并用XRD分析了反应产物的相组成。 结果表明, TiC-Ni金属陶瓷自蔓延高温合成(SHS)的机理为溶解-析出机制, 镍粉与钛粉的固态扩散导致低熔点Ti-Ni溶液形成, Ti、 Ni、 C粉粒逐渐向Ti-Ni溶液中溶解, 当Ti-Ni-C溶液中的Ti和C浓度饱和时, 从中析出TiC颗粒, 同时形成粘结TiC颗粒的Ni↓3Ti基体。分析结果表明, 该体系的燃烧合成具有不完全性, 最终产物中残留少量Ni3Ti2+NiTi共晶体, 这种反应的不完全性是由于使用了较粗的Ti粉和Ni粉。 

 

关键字: TiC-Ni;金属陶瓷; 自蔓延高温合成; 组织演变

Microstructural evolution during self-propagating
high-temperature synthesis of TiC-Ni cermet 
XIAO Guo-qing1, 2, FAN Qun-cheng1
GU Mei-zhuan1, JIN Zhi-hao1

1. State Key Laboratory for Mechanical Behavior of Materials,School of Materials Science and Engineering, Xi′an Jiaotong University, 
Xi′an 710049, China; 
2. Department of Materials Science and Engineering,
Xi′an University of Architecture and Technology, Xi′an 710055, China

Abstract: The microstructural evolution during self-propagating high-temperature synthesis (SHS) of TiC-Ni cermet was studied by means of the combustion front quenching method. The process of microstructure conversion in the quenched sample was observed using a scanning electron microscope (SEM), a compositional change in each micro-region of the microstructure was studied by energy dispersive X-ray (EDX), the temperature and the velocity of combustion reaction were measured. The results show that the mechanism of combustion synthesis of TiC-Ni composition can be described as dissolution-preciptation. Ti-Ni melt is formed through solid diffusion between titanium and nickel powders, then the atoms of Ti, C and Ni gradually dissolve into the Ti-Ni melt, and TiC particles will prepicitate from the Ti-Ni-C melt as the Ti-Ni-C melt is saturated, at the same time, the Ni3Ti matrix forms, which binds the TiC particles. In addition, the results show that the combustion synthesis is possibly incompleteness because of coarser Ti and Ni powders used in the combustion synthesis, a small amount of eutectic, (Ni3Ti2+NiTi) is found in the final product. This incompleteness of the combustion reaction is attributed to using coarser Ti and Ni powders in the combustion synthesis.

 

Key words: TiC-Ni; cermet; self-propagating high-temperature synthesis; microstructural evolution

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG
CODEN: ZYJXFK

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG
CODEN: TNMCEW

主管:中国科学技术协会 主办:中国有色金属学会 承办:中南大学
湘ICP备09001153号 版权所有:《中国有色金属学报》编辑部
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
地 址:湖南省长沙市岳麓山中南大学内 邮编:410083
电 话:0731-88876765,88877197,88830410   传真:0731-88877197   电子邮箱:f-ysxb@mail.csu.edu.cn