Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

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Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China

Vol. 13    No. 5    October 2003

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Comparison between methods for predicting maximum solid solubility of
transition metals in solvent metal
ZHOU Zi-qiang(周自强)1, FANG Shou-shi(方守狮)1, FENG Feng(冯 锋)2

1. Institute of Hydrogen Storage Materials,
Shanghai University, Shanghai 200072, China;
2. Department of Mechanical, Automotive and Materials Engineering, University of Windsor, Windsor, Ont., Canada N9B 3P4

Abstract:It is important to know the maximum solid solubility(Cmax) of various transition metals in a metal when one designs multi-component alloys. There have been several semi-empirical approaches to qualitatively predict the Cmax, such as Darken-Gurry(D-G) theorem, Miedema-Chelikowsky(M-C) theorem, electron concentration rule and the bond-parameter rule. However, they are not particularly valid for the prediction of Cmax. It was developed on the basis of energetics of alloys as a new method to predict Cmax of different transition metals in metal Ti, which can be described as a semi-empirical equation using the atomic parameters, ie, electronegativity difference, atomic diameter and electron concentration. It shows that the present method can be used to explain and deduce D-G theorem, M-C theorem and electron concentration rule.


Key words: maximum solid solubility; function Zf; prediction method; electronegativity difference; atomic size factor; electron concentration

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG

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