Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals

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Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China

Vol. 17    No. 5    October 2007

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Shape-controlled synthesis of nanocubic Co3O4 by hydrothermal oxidation method
YANG You-ping(杨幼平), HUANG Ke-long(黄可龙), LIU Ren-sheng(刘人生), WANG Li-ping(王丽平), ZENG Wen-wen(曾雯雯), ZHANG Ping-min(张平民)

School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China

Abstract:The nanocubic Co3O4 was synthesized by hydrothermal oxidation method. The effects of cobalt salt, precipitating agent, surfactant, solvent, pH value of the suspension and the amount of oxidant H2O2 on the morphology and structure of Co3O4 were investigated. The Co3O4 powders were characterized by transmission electron microscope and X-ray diffraction. The results show that the morphology of Co3O4 is closely dependant on the anion in cobalt salts, but it is not so sensitive to the precipitating agents and solvents. The amount of H2O2 is the key factor to obtain Co3O4 with spinel crystal structure. The optimum synthetic conditions of uniform shape-controlled Co3O4 nanocubes are as follows: Co(CH3COO)2·4H2O as cobalt salt, KOH as precipitating agent, polyethylene glycol with relative molecular mass of about 20 000 as surfactant, water−n-butanol as solvent system, pH value of 8−9, the molar ratio of H2O2 to Co2+ above 2.5׃1.0, hydrothermal temperature of 160 ℃ and hydrothermal holding time of 10 h. The tap density and apparent density of nanocubic Co3O4 obtained with the average particle size of 20 nm are 1.01 g/cm3 and 0.70 g/cm3, respectively.


Key words: Co3O4; nanocubes; shape-controlled; hydrothermal oxidation

ISSN 1004-0609
CN 43-1238/TG

ISSN 1003-6326
CN 43-1239/TG

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